Corporate Governance

Board Charter

The Board has adopted the following Board Charter: The business of the Company is managed under the direction of the Board of Directors (the Board). The Board is accountable to shareholders of the Company for the performance of the Company.

Each Director of the Company will act in good faith in the best interests of the Company and collectively oversee and appraise the strategies, major policies, processes and performance of the Company using care and diligence to ensure that the Company’s long term sustainability is assured.

Directors will not misuse their position on the Board to advance personal interests nor to represent particular constituencies. Directors will not use information available to them as Board members to advance personal interests or agendas.

Directors are required to inform the Board of any conflicts or potential conflicts of interest they may have in relation to particular items of business. Directors must absent themselves from discussions or decisions on those matters.

The Company’s Constitution and Australian corporations law specifies the minimum and maximum number of directors of the Company.

The Directors must elect one of their number as Chairman.

Role and Responsibilities of the Board

The Company has established the functions reserved to the Board. The Board has primary responsibility to shareholders for the sustainability and relevance of the Company by guiding and monitoring its business and affairs. The Board is responsible for:

  • providing leadership and setting the strategic objectives;
  • appointing a Chairman;
  • overseeing the Company, including its control and accountability systems;
  • appointing and removing the Chief Executive Officer, Managing Director, or equivalent;
  • ratifying the appointment and the removal of senior executives;
  • providing input into and final approval of management’s development of corporate strategy;
  • reviewing, ratifying and monitoring risk management, internal control, codes of conduct and legal compliance;
  • monitoring senior executives performance and implementation of strategy;
  • ensuring appropriate resources are available to senior executives;
  • approving and monitoring the progress of major capital expenditure, capital management, acquisitions and divestitures; and
  • approving and monitoring financial and other reporting.

Role and Responsibilities of Senior Executives

The Company has established the functions reserved to senior executives. Those who have the opportunity to materially influence the integrity, strategy and operation of the Company and its financial performance are considered to be senior executives. The functions delegated to senior executives are:

  • managing and administer the day-to-day operations of the Company;
  • making recommendations to the Board on corporate strategy, risk management, internal control, codes of conduct and legal compliance;
  • supervising other staff and represent them to the Board; and
  • exercising such specific and express powers as are delegated to them by the Board from time to time.

Nomination of Other Board Members

The Board has adopted the following Policy and Procedure for the Selection and (Re) Appointment of Directors.

In determining candidates for the Board, the Board follows a prescribed process whereby it evaluates the mix of skills, experience, expertise and diversity of the existing Board.  In particular, the Board considers the particular skills and diversity that will best increase the Board’s effectiveness.  Consideration is also given to the balance of independent Directors.  Potential candidates are identified and, if appropriate, are offered appointment to the Board.  Any appointment made by the Board is subject to ratification by shareholders at the next Annual General Meeting.

The Board recognises that Board renewal is critical to performance and the impact of Board tenure on succession planning. An election of Directors is held each year. Each Director must not hold office (without re-election) past the third Annual General Meeting of the Company following the Director’s appointment or three years following that Director’s last election or appointment (whichever is the longer).  However, a Director appointed to fill a casual vacancy or as an addition to the Board must not hold office (without re-election) past the next Annual General Meeting of the Company.  At each Annual General Meeting a minimum of one Director or one third of the total number of Directors must resign.  A Director who retires at an Annual General Meeting is eligible for re-election at that meeting.  Re-appointment of Directors is not automatic.

Membership of the Board of Directors is reviewed on an on‑going basis by the Chairman of the Board to determine if additional core strengths are required to be added to the Board in light of the nature of the Company’s businesses and its objectives.

Code of Conduct

Directors, officers, employees and consultants to the Company are required to observe high standards of behaviour and business ethics in conducting business on behalf of the Company and they are required to maintain a reputation of integrity on the part of both the Company and themselves. The Company does not contract with or otherwise engage any person or party where it considers integrity may be compromised.

Directors are required to disclose to the Board actual or potential conflicts of interest that may or might reasonably be thought to exist between the interests of the Director or the interests of any other party in so far as it affects the activities of the Company and to act in accordance with the Corporations Act if conflict cannot be removed or if it persists. That involves taking no part in the decision making process or discussions where that conflict does arise.

Each Director and senior executive is required to advise the Chairman of the Board of any reports of unethical practices by any Director, executive or employee of the Company. The Chairman of the Board will investigate the matter and report back to the Board as a whole.

Security Holder Communication Policy

The Board seeks to inform security holders of all major developments affecting the Company by:

  • preparing half yearly and yearly financial reports and announcing these reports to the ASX;
  • preparing quarterly reports in accordance with the listing rules and announcing these reports to the ASX;
  • making announcement in accordance with the listing rules and the continuous disclosure obligations;
  • maintaining the Company’s website and hosting all of the above on the Company’s website;
  • annually, and more regularly if required, holding a general meeting of shareholders and forwarding to them the notice of meeting and proxy form; and
  • voluntarily releasing other information which it believes is in the interest of shareholders.


The Company’s investor relations program is based on actively engaging with security holders at the Annual General Meeting, meeting with them upon request and responding to security holder enquiries from time to time. The Annual General Meeting enables shareholders to receive the reports and participate in the meeting by attendance or by written communication. The Board seeks to notify all shareholders so they can be fully informed annually for the voting on the appointment of Directors and so as to enable them to have discussion at the Annual General Meeting with the Directors and/or the auditor of the Company who is invited to the Annual General Meeting. The Annual General Meeting is held each year at a convenient time and place and all security holders are encouraged to attend and participate.

The Company’s website provides facilities for security holders to subscribe to email updates and thereby receive communications from the Company by email.

Risk Management Policy

The Board is conscious of the need to continually maintain systems of risk management and controls to manage all of the assets and affairs of the Company. The Company has established a policy for the oversight of material business risks and the management of material business risks. Risk management is a process of continuous improvement that is integrated into existing practices or business processes. The terms of these risk management policies are:

  • liaise with internal and external stakeholders as appropriate at each stage of the risk management process and concerning the process as a whole;
  • define the basic parameters within which risks must be managed and set the scope for the rest of the risk management process;
  • identify the risks to be managed;
  • identify and evaluate existing controls. Determine consequences and likelihood and hence the level of risk. This analysis should consider the range of potential consequences and how these could occur;
  • compare estimated levels of risk against pre-established criteria (utilising a risk matrix) and consider the balance between potential benefits and adverse outcomes. This enables decisions to be made about the extent and nature of treatments required and about priorities;
  • develop and implement specific cost-effective strategies and action plans for increasing potential benefits and reducing potential costs. Allocate responsibilities to those best placed to address the risk and agree on target date for action;
  • the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer are responsible for the implementation and maintenance of sound risk management. In carrying out this responsibility, senior managers review the adequacy of internal controls to ensure that they are operating effectively and are appropriate for achieving corporate goals and objectives;
  • the Board is responsible for oversight and for providing corporate assurance on the adequacy of risk management procedures; and
  • managers at all levels are to create an environment where managing risk forms the basis of all activities.